Established in 1999, the Institute of Curriculum and Instruction of East China Normal University (ECNU) is one of the Key Research Institutes in Humanities and Social Sciences authorized by the Ministry of Education (MoE). Attached to it are the ECNU National Curriculum Research Center for Basic Education and the Office for the MoE Committee of Social Sciences in Education and Psychology. Professor ZHONG Qiquan, the famous expert in curriculum and instruction, was the first Director of the Institute and now is given the title of Director Emeritus. Professor CUI Yunhuo is the present Director of the Institute, with Professors ZHANG Hua, ZHAO Zhongjian and WU Gangping as Deputy Directors. Professor GAO Wen and Professor WU Gang served as Deputy Director.